Royal Family Lineage

British Royal Family

Royal Family Portrait. Photo by Carfax2

Royal Family Lineage: Prince William, Duke of Cambridge

Royal Family Lineage Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and Kate Middleton

Prince William and Kate Middleton announcing their engagement. Photo by UK_repsome

Prince William, Duke of Cambridge was born 21 June 1982 in Paddington, London to Prince Charles of Wales and the late Princess Diana of Wales. He attended primary and prep schools in London, followed by his Biology and History of Art studies at Eton College starting in July 1995. After a gap year from 2000-2001, Prince William graduated from the University of St. Andrews with a 2.1 degree in Geography. His military career began in January 2006, when he became an officer cadet at Royal Military Academy at Sandhurst.

On 29 April 2011, Prince William married Catherine ‘Kate’ Middleton at Westminster Abbey, where they were granted the titles of Duke and Duchess of Cambridge by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.

For more information on Prince William, visit our Duke of Cambridge page.

Royal Family Lineage: Prince Charles of Wales, Father of Prince William

Prince Charles of Wales was born Charles Phillip Arthur George on 14 November 1948 in London, to Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. As heir to the throne, he was vested the titles of Duke of Cornwall and Duke of Rothesay.

Royal Family Lineage Prince Charles of Wales, father of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge

Prince Charles of Wales. Photo by Dan Marsh

Prince Charles attended Trinity College at Cambridge University where he earned a BA in anthropology and archeology; he also studied Welsh for one term at the University of Wales, Aberystwyth. Prince Charles later trained as a jet pilot at RAF Cranwell and attended naval training at Royal Naval College Dartmouth. After qualifying as a helicopter pilot, he joined the 845 Naval Squadron and took command of HMS Bronington.

Following a controversial series of love interests, Prince Charles married Diana Spencer on 29 July 1981 at St. Paul’s Cathedral, after which Diana became the well renowned Princess Diana of Wales. The couple became parents to two sons, Prince William (later Duke of Cambridge) on 21 June 1982, and Prince Henry ‘Harry’ on 15 September 1984. Prince Charles and Princess Diana were divorced on 28 August 1996 after a number of rumors spread regarding outside affairs from both sides.

Princess Diana was well liked across the world and her charities with AIDS and landmine victims were highly publicised and appreciated. During her marriage to Prince Charles she suffered from bulimia and depression and was disliked by the Royal Family which viewed her as unstable. On 31 August 1997, Princess Diana was killed in a car accident in Paris while trying to avoid the pursuit of press photographers.

Even before his divorce from Diana, Prince Charles was said to be romantically acquainted with Camilla Parker. On 9 April 2005, the new couple was married in a civil ceremony that was not attended by either the Queen or Prince Philip, and after which Camilla became the Duchess of Cornwall and Duchess of Rothesay.

Camilla has two children from a previous marriage to Army officer Andrew Parker Bowles—Tom, born in 1974, and Laura, born in 1978. Andrew and Camilla divorced in January 1995, and after Diana’s death, Prince Charles admitted to have committed adultery with his second wife, while they were both still married to their first spouses.

For more information on Prince Charles visit our Charles Prince of Wales page.

Royal Family Lineage: Queen Elizabeth II, Grandmother of Prince William

Queen Elizabeth II was born Elizabeth Alexandra Mary on 21 April 1926 to King George VI and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, in London. She commenced her official duties at age 16, and became state counsellor on her 18th birthday. After the death of her father, she was crowned on 2 June 1953. Queen Elizabeth II is also head of state for Great Britain and Northern Ireland for hereditary reasons, and as such, she only has symbolic duties.

The longest reigning British monarch since Queen Victoria, Queen Elizabeth II celebrated her Golden Jubilee, which is the 50th anniversary of a monarch’s reign, in 2002 and her Diamond Jubilee, to celebrate her reign’s 60th anniversary in 2012, both of which were highly praised by the public.

On 20 November 1947, Queen Elizabeth II married Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, born Philippos, Prince of Greece and Denmark, on the Greek Island of Corfu.

Royal Family Lineage Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, grandparents of the Duke of Cambridge

Portrait of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip. Photo by BiblioArchives/LibraryArchives

Prince Philip experienced a rough childhood, with the Greek monarchy being overthrown in 1922. His family lived in Paris, but after his parents’ separation, he attended school in England, Germany, and Gordonstoun, Scotland. He met Princess Elizabeth (later Queen Elizabeth II) at the wedding of Prince Philip’s cousin, Princess Marina of Greece to Princess Elizabeth’s uncle, the Duke of Kent, in 1934.

Queen Elizabeth II gave birth to four children, Prince Charles of Wales on 14 November 1948, Princess Anne on 15 August 1950, Prince Andrew, Duke of York on 19 February 1960, and Prince Edward Earl of Wessex on 10 March 1964.